Tuesday, 20 February 2024 00:00

Hammertoe, a prevalent foot deformity, manifests as an abnormal bending of the toe joints, causing toes to resemble a hammer's shape. This condition typically affects the second, third, or fourth toe, resulting from an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, and ligaments that control toe movement. Common causes of hammertoe include wearing ill-fitting shoes, toe injuries, and underlying foot conditions like arthritis or bunions. Over time, hammertoes can become rigid and painful, making walking and wearing shoes uncomfortable. Recognizing the signs, such as toe stiffness, corns, or calluses, is vital for early intervention and treatment. While conservative measures like wearing roomy shoes, toe exercises, and padding can alleviate symptoms, severe cases may require surgical correction to realign the toe joints and restore functionality. With proper care and attention, individuals can manage hammertoe effectively, minimizing discomfort and maintaining optimal foot health. If you have developed hammertoe, it is strongly suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can determine what the best course of treatment is for you.


Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Jeffrey Rosenblatt, DPM from New York. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Tuesday, 13 February 2024 00:00

Trail running is an exhilarating activity that invites people of all preferences and ideologies to explore nature's paths. And with the right pair of shoes, anyone can conquer the trails with confidence. Before purchasing trail running shoes, there are two vital considerations to keep in mind. These can include your foot type and the terrain you will be tackling. First, understanding your foot type is essential for finding the perfect fit. Consider factors like the stiffness or pliability of the shoe, whether you need a neutral or stable base, and if you require a wide or narrow fit. Additionally, think about the heel to toe drop that suits your running style best. Equally important is selecting shoes tailored to the terrain you will be traversing. Such factors include trails with uneven surfaces, smoother paths with gentle inclines, water crossings, or dryer routes. If you have experienced foot, toe, or ankle pain as the result of trail running, you may benefit from a gait analysis and thorough examination of your feet and shoes. It is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for further guidance.  

If you are a runner, wearing the right running shoe is essential. For more information, contact Jeffrey Rosenblatt, DPM from New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type

To increase performance and avoid the risk of injury, it is important to choose the right running shoe based on your foot type. The general design of running shoes revolves around pronation, which is how the ankle rolls from outside to inside when the foot strikes the ground.

  • Neutral runners are able to choose from a wide variety of shoes, including minimalist shoes or even going barefoot.
  • Runners who overpronate, or experience an over-abundance of ankle rolling, should choose shoes that provide extra motion control and stability.
  • Runners who underpronate, or supinate, have feet that have high arches and lack flexibility, preventing shock absorption. They require shoes with more flexibility and cushion.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Brooklyn, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type
Tuesday, 06 February 2024 00:00

Children born with congenital clubfoot often face ongoing challenges as they grow older, such as deformity, pain, and limited function in their adolescence and early adulthood. These individuals form a diverse group, each with unique needs that demand a personalized approach to their care. Usually in the early years of a clubfoot diagnosis, children receive treatment including serial casting, and in some cases, foot surgery. Ongoing issues can be related to undercorrection, overcorrection, dorsal bunion, anterior ankle impingement, and lateral hindfoot impingement. If you have a child that has continuous issues from clubfoot, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to discuss more effective management and tailored treatments options.

Congenital foot problems require immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Jeffrey Rosenblatt, DPM of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Congenital foot problems are deformities affecting the feet, toes, and/or ankles that children are born with. Some of these conditions have a genetic cause while others just happen. Some specific foot ailments that children may be born with include clubfeet, polydactyly/macrodactyly, and cleft foot. There are several other foot anomalies that can occur congenitally. What all of these conditions have in common is that a child may experience difficulty walking or performing everyday activities, as well as trouble finding footwear that fits their foot deformity. Some of these conditions are more serious than others. Consulting with a podiatrist as early as possible will help in properly diagnosing a child’s foot condition while getting the necessary treatment underway.

What are Causes of Congenital Foot Problem?

A congenital foot problem is one that happens to a child at birth. These conditions can be caused by a genetic predisposition, developmental or positional abnormalities during gestation, or with no known cause.

What are Symptoms of Congenital Foot Problems?

Symptoms vary by the congenital condition. Symptoms may consist of the following:

  • Clubfoot, where tendons are shortened, bones are shaped differently, and the Achilles tendon is tight, causing the foot to point in and down. It is also possible for the soles of the feet to face each other.
  • Polydactyly, which usually consists of a nubbin or small lump of tissue without a bone, a toe that is partially formed but has no joints, or an extra toe.
  • Vertical talus, where the talus bone forms in the wrong position causing other bones in the foot to line up improperly, the front of the foot to point up, and the bottom of the foot to stiffen, with no arch, and to curve out.
  • Tarsal coalition, when there is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot leading to severe, rigid flatfoot.
  • Cleft foot, where there are missing toes, a V-shaped cleft, and other anatomical differences.
  • Macrodactyly, when the toes are abnormally large due to overgrowth of the underlying bone or soft tissue.

Treatment and Prevention

While there is nothing one can do to prevent congenital foot problems, raising awareness and receiving neonatal screenings are important. Early detection by taking your child to a podiatrist leads to the best outcome possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Brooklyn, NY or New York City. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Congenital Foot Problems

Friday, 02 February 2024 00:00

Gout is a painful, inflammatory form of arthritis. Those affected will typically feel an intense stiffness in the joints of their feet, particularly in the big toe. Schedule a visit to learn about how gout can be managed and treated.

Connect With Us